Soil Landscapes of Canada

Available online: 

Freely available - Soil Landscapes of Canada


J:\Canada\Agriculture_Canada\Soil Landscapes of Canada v.3.2


The Soil Landscapes of Canada (SLCs) are a series of GIS coverages that show the major characteristics of soils and land for all of Canada.

Each area (or polygon) on the map is described by a standard set of attributes. The full array of attributes that describe a distinct type of soil and its associated landscape, such as surface form, slope, water table depth, permafrost and lakes, is called a soil landscape. SLC polygons may contain one or more distinct soil landscape components and may also contain small but highly contrasting inclusion components. The location of these components within the polygon is not defined.

SLCs were originally conceived as a standardized database consisting of major attributes important to plant growth, land management, and soil degradation. These data have since turned out to be a useful framework to support other databases, including Environment Canada's Ecological Land Classification System.

Available Themes: 

Soil Code Slope Gradient
Surface Stoniness Local Surface Form
Area of Land Area of Fresh Water
Area of Total Water Depth of Bedrock or Root Restricting Area
Coarse Fragment Available Water Holding Capacity
Landform Type Class Landform Slope Class
Ecodistrict Identifier Landform Percent of Polygon
Province Code Crop Production Likelihood Class

Data Producer: 

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Authorized Users: 



Use of the GIS data is free but is subject to the terms and conditions set out by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

Content last reviewed: August 30, 2018