I have a citation but don't know what type it is

A bibliographic citation is used in a publication's reference list to acknowledge a work. It contains basic information needed to locate an item.

There are different citation styles for citing books, journal articles, chapters in books, dissertations, pamphlets, videocassettes, and other source types. The citations on this page are in APA style.

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Usually includes author/s, title, place of publication, publisher, and year

Image of book citation


Usually includes author/s, title, volume number, date, and page numbers.

Image of journal article citation


Book chapter citations will include two titles: the chapter title and the book title. Two names may also be listed: the author of the chapter and the book editor. The same publication information that appears in a book citation is in a book chapter citation: place of publication, publisher, and year.

Image of book chapter citation
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