This guide is meant for self service. If at any time during the research process, should you feel the need for research support, then email me. We will arrange a convenient time to get together on Zoom, and other platforms.
The research process
Get background information from handbooks, encyclopedias, dictionaries examples:
Once your topic is narrowly defined, select databases to find specific articles that have been published in journals examples:
Find books on your topic to gain greater depth and understanding examples:
Write down or store all the references you have consulted to include them in the bibliography of your research paper examples:
Begin by defining exactly what you are searching for examples:
Be specific when determining keywords: synonyms/antonyms and terms to search examples:
Use the advanced interface of electronic databases and Internet search engines to help narrow your search. Limit results in electronic databases to full-text or peer reviewed journals only
Use Boolean Operators to connect search terms by understanding how search engines operate examples:
- Google search secrets [electronic resource] / Christa Burns and Michael P. Sauers
Take notes during your research to keep track of where you have been, keywords searched, what worked and what didn't, etc. examples:
- Avoiding Disaster;: Eddie Gets Organized (@UCLALibrary)
Sources of Information
Publication Cycle: to find primary and secondary sources of information, use tertiary sources of information: dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks. When a researcher publishes material, they follow the cycle clockwise. To find primary and secondary sources, follow the cycle anti clockwise.
- OMNI: the Carleton University Library search portal. Please see Help With Using Omni
Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH) use controlled vocabulary to access and express the subject content of documents. Controlled vocabulary is a standardized hierarchical system. When you search using subject headings, you are searching for matching content, rather than searching through the text.
Sustainable energy has largely been divided into the following subjects or research areas. This is a searchable index. Click on a link below to discover the Library's holdings in this area:
- Add keywords
- Use the filters on the left of the resulting screen >Typical filters are Available Online and Peer Reviewed Journals
- Alternative renewable energy sources technologies
- Electrical power engineering
- Environment--Environmental engineering
- Renewable energy sources
- Sustainable energy
- Sustainable energy development
- Water resources conservation
- Water treatment quality
Other recommended databases
- SAGE Knowledge Encyclopedias: Carleton subscribes to the 2011 Encyclopedia Collection which provides perpetual access to 27 encyclopedias in the social sciences published between 2005-2011, as well as some other encyclopedias which have been ordered individually. Browse by Content Type: "Encyclopedias" and/or "Handbooks".
- SAGE Research Methods: With information on the full range of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods for the social and behavioral sciences, as well as methods commonly used in the hard sciences, the book, reference, and journal content in SAGE Research Methods helps researchers of all levels conduct their research.
- by 'Subject'
- arXiv: arXiv is a free distribution service and an open-access archive for 1,769,134 scholarly articles in the fields of physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance, statistics, electrical engineering and systems science, and economics. Materials on this site are not peer-reviewed by arXiv.
- Earth ArXiv: EarthArXiv.org is moving from the OSF Preprints platform to the Janeway preprint platform at the California Digital Library (CDL). In preparation for this move, EarthArXiv will stop accepting submissions on Friday August 21, 2020. EarthArXiv.org will redirect to the new service when it becomes public on October 1, 2020.
- TechRxiv: TechRxiv (pronounced "tech archive") is an open, moderated preprint server for unpublished research in electrical engineering, computer science, and related technology. By using TechRxiv, authors can quickly disseminate their work to a wide audience and gain community feedback on a draft version of their research. A preprint is a draft version of an article; final versions of published articles should not be submitted to TechRxiv.
- Sage Research Methods: SAGE Research Methods supports beginning and advanced researchers throughout a research project, from writing a research question, choosing a method, gathering and analyzing data, to writing up and publishing the findings.
- The SAGE handbook of applied social research methods Bickman, Leonard, 1941- editor.; Rog, Debra J., editor.; Best, Samuel J., contributor. 2009 [electronic resource]
- How to Read a Book, v5.0 School of Information University of Michigan
- How to Read a Paragraph: The Art of Close Reading
- How to Read (and Understand) a Social Science Journal Article: Tips and tricks to make reading and understanding social science journal articles easier
- How to Read for Grad School Miriam E. Sweeney
- READ LIKE A GRADUATE STUDENT, NOT A MYSTERY FAN William Doane
Minecraft (Education Edition) is free for Carleton students
Just download the installer from the link below (for Windows 10):
After install, launch the game and log in using your Carleton email address (cmail) and password then you're good to go.