Chicago Citation Style (Notes and Bibliography)

The Chicago citation style is used in the arts and humanities.

Chicago style can use either a notes/bibliography style or author-date (parenthetical in-text) style of citation. Similarities and differences exist between the two styles. Consult Chapters 14 and 15 of The Chicago Manual of Style for more information on these two forms of citation. 

To find out how to cite using the notes/bibliography style, click on the links below or consult the PDF version of our Chicago citation style (notes and bibliography) guide (the print version of this online guide).

Both resources are guides—not authoritative manuals—based on the 16th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style. If you do not know how to cite a particular item or you are citing an item not found in these guides, consult the most current edition of the Chicago manual, available online.

Content last reviewed: September 8, 2020