A bibliography is placed at the end of a document/publication. All sources are included and alphabetically arranged in a single list by the authors’ last names (or by title if no author or editor). 

  • Entries are single-spaced.
  • Keep the first line flush with the left-hand margin.
  • Indent successive lines 0.5” or 1.27 cm.
  • Components are separated by periods. 

This guide provides information on how to reference the most common formats. For other works, consult The Chicago Manual of Style

Some sources may not fit any of the formats given here or in the manual. Pick the most similar format and make adjustments as needed to ensure your research sources are recoverable to other readers.

Content last updated: July 17, 2020