Citation Components: Bibliography


Bibliography entries are alphabetized by the first-listed author’s name, which is inverted (Last name First name).

Other authors’ names are as in notes. Include all authors’ names in the bibliography. 

Publishers and Place of Publication

These components are not enclosed in parentheses.


Do not abbreviate editor/edited by and translator/translated by. Use uppercase (e.g., Edited by).

DOI,  URL or e-book

See note on DOI, URL and e-book reference in the Citation Components: Footnotes/endnotes section.

Other Components

See the Citation Components: Footnotes/endnotes.

Content last updated: July 17, 2020