Digital Publication Examples: Bibliography

Refer to Print Publications – Books in this guide for formatting of multiple authors or editors. Make sure to read the note about DOIs and URLs.

Note: Make sure you space and indent your citations as per The Chicago Manual of Style rules. Entries are single-spaced. Keep the first line flush with the left-hand margin. Indent successive lines 0.5” or 1.27 cm. Components are separated by periods.

Basic Format: Books

Author (Last name, First name). Title. Place of Publication: Publisher, date of publication. DOI URL or e-book.

Basic Format: Articles 

Author (Last name, First name). “Title of Article.” Title of Journal volume, no. of issue (year of publication): page(s). DOI, URL or e-book.

E-books

One author

Burrows, John. Freedom and Indigenous Constitutionalism. (Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 2016). Scholars Portal e-book.

Multiple authors

Dixon, John and David Macarov. Poverty: A Persistent Global Reality. Routledge: 1998. MyiLibrary e-book.

Journal articles

Kawasaki, Jodee L., and Matt R. Raven. "Computer-Administered Surveys in Extension." Journal of Extension 33 (June 1995): 1-25. http://www.joe.org/joe/1995june/rb3.php

Magazine articles

Patriquin, Martin. “Does Justin Trudeau Risk Being Overexposed?”. Maclean’s. August 26, 2016.  http://www.macleans.ca/politics/does-justin-trudeau-risk-being-overexposed/

Theses and dissertations

Fatemeh, Bagherian. “An evaluation of Carleton Hotline for Administration and Teaching "CHAT".” PhD diss., Carleton University, 1999.https://curve.carleton.ca/4cb2e7f6-1501-4c61-a224-36ba3ea9214a

Web documents

Notten, Geranda and Michael Mendelson. Using low income and material deprivation to monitor poverty reduction.(Ottawa: Caledon Institute of Public Policy,July 2016.http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/1103ENG.pdf

Web pages

Smith, Bob. "Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000-2010: A Decade of Outreach." Evanston Public Library. http://www.epl.org/staff/strategic-plan-00.php.

Weblogs (Blogs)

Catholicgauze. Geographic Travels (blog). http://www.geographictravels.com.

Lecture slides and handouts from CULearn

Nimijean, Richard. “Doing Research in Canadian Studies.” Lecture. Carleton University, Ottawa, ON. May 2, 2016. https://culearn.carleton.ca/moodle /mod/book/view.php?id=799682

Content last updated: July 17, 2020