Digital Publication Examples: Notes

Refer to Print Publications – Books in this guide for formatting of multiple authors or editors. Make sure to read the note about DOIs and URLs.

Note: Make sure you space and indent your citations according to The Chicago Manual of Style rules. Entries are single-spaced. Indent the first line of the footnote/endnote 0.5” or 1.27 cm. Single space each note.

Basic Format: Books

1. Author (First name Last name), Title,(Place of Publication: Publisher, date of publication), page(s). DOI, URL or e-book.

Basic Format: Articles 

1. Author (First name Last name), “Title of Article,”Title of Journal volume, no. of issue (year of publication): page(s). DOI, URL or e-book.


1. Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985),OneClickDigital e-book.

Journal articles

4. Computer-Administered Surveys in Extension," Journal of Extension 33 (June 1995): 16,

Magazine articles

9. Martin Patriquin, “Does Justin Trudeau Risk Being Overexposed?,” Maclean’s, August 26, 2016,

Newspaper articles

13. Peter McKnight, “Canada’s Opioid Crisis: We Are All Enablers, Globe and Mail, August 27, 2016,

Theses and dissertations

8. Fatemeh Bagherian, “An evaluation of Carleton hotline for administration and teaching "CHAT," (PhD diss., Carleton University, 1999), 61,

Web documents

3. H. Martin, “Introduction to Organic Farming,” Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, December 2009,​.

Web pages

10. Bob Smith, "Evanston Public Library Strategic Plan, 2000-2010: A Decade of Outreach."Evanston Public Library,

Weblogs (Blogs)

17. Catholicgauze, “United States of (Google) Autocomplete,” Geographic Travels (blog), December 5, 2010,

Lecture slides and handouts from CULearn

7. Richard Nimijean, “Doing Research in Canadian Studies” (lecture, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON, May 2, 2016).

Content last updated: July 17, 2020