Note: This page deals with CSE style citation in the Name-Year system. Click here for Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name.
On this page
- General Guidelines
- Author/Editor names are listed in order of appearance, citing the surname, followed by a space, and the author initials as given. e.g. Smith E, or Jones FH
- Date of publication refers to the year in which the work was published, and should always be included in a reference. If no date of publication can be found, insert [date unknown]
- Book title: Capitalize only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns and adjectives.
- Edition is only listed if it is later than the 1st edition
- Place of publication is listed as the city, and the state or province in brackets (e.g. Ottawa (ON) or Denver (CO) ). For cities outside of the U.S. and Canada include the country in brackets (e.g. London (England) ). If you wish, you may use the 2 letter ISO country code (e.g. Rome (IT) or Geneva (CH) )
- Extent and Notes are entirely optional citation elements
- Extent can refer to pagination (e.g. p. 75-77 or 354 p.), number of volumes (e.g. 5 vol.) , or screens.
- Notes may indicate that the work is in a language other than English, the ISBN, location, URL, or DOI
Author. Date. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes.
Maynard Smith J. 1986. The problems of biology. Oxford (United Kingdom): Oxford University Press.
For any book with more than 1 author, seperate names by a comma.
Author(s). Date. Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher. Extent. Notes.
Cotterell B, Kamminga J. 1990. Mechanics of pre-industrial technology: an introduction to the mechanics of ancient and traditional material culture. Cambridge (United Kingdom): Cambridge University Press.
Note: For any book with more than 10 authors, list the first 10 followed by "et al."
Editor(s), editor(s). Date. Title. Place of publication: Publisher. Extent. Notes.
Rozenburg JJ, editor. 2003. Bioethical and ethical issues surrounding the trials and Code of Nuremburg: Nuremberg revisted. Lewiston (NY): Edwin Mellen Press.
Organization Name. Date. Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher. Extent. Notes.
Society for Experimental Biology. 1967. Aspects of the biology of ageing. Cambridge (UK): Cambridge University Press.
Author(s). Date. Title. Place of publication: Publisher. Chapter or Section, Title; Extent. Notes.
Moroz A. 2012. The common extremalities in biology and physics: maximum energy dissipation principle in chemistry, biology, physics and evolution. London (United Kingdom): Elsevier. Ch. 2.3.2, On vector formulation of additive control; p. 97-99.
Author(s). Date. Title of part. In: Editor(s), editors. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher. Extent. Notes.
Zahari S. 2013. Alcohol metabolism and genetic control. In: Boyle P, editor. Alcohol: science policy, and public health. Oxford (United Kingdom): Oxford University Press. p.57-70.
Author(s). Date. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. [updated YYYY MMM DD; accessed YYYY MMM DD]. Extent. Notes.
Longo G, Montévil M. 2014. Biological time, symmetries and singularities: perspectives on life. Berlin (Germany): Springer. [accessed 2019 Mar 25].