Sample Reference List: Name-Year

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Always include a reference list with full bibliographic information for all cited sources at the end of your report.

The sample reference list found below is formatted according to the Name-Year system. Be sure to be consistent throughout your assignment in whichever style you chose to use.

If you wish to cite using the Citation-Sequence systemclick here

If you wish to cite using the Citation-Name system, click here

Using Name-Year

  • References must be unnumbered 
  • Order references alphabetically by author surname

Formatting your reference list

  • Place your reference list at the end of your document
  • Begin the reference list on a new page with the title "References" centered in the page.
  • Keep the first line flush with the left-hand margin
  • Indent successive lines 1.27cm (also called a hanging indent)


Alves R, editor. Advances in bioinformatics and computational biology. 2018. 11th Brazilian symposium on bioinformatics; 2019 oct 30 - nov 1; Niterói (Brazil). Cham (Switzerland): Springer International Publishing. [accessed 2019 Mar 25]. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-01722-4

Conference by professor Paul r. Elrich. Population, environment, ethics: where we stand now [video]. 2016 May 6, 1:32:52. UNILTV. [accessed 2019 Mar 29].

Cotterell B, Kamminga J. 1990. Mechanics of pre-industrial technology: an introduction to the mechanics of ancient and traditional material culture. Cambridge (United Kingdom): Cambridge University Press.

Drug Product Database. 2012 - . Ottawa (ON): Public Health. [updated 2018 Dec 14; accessed 2019 Mar 29].

Moroz A. 2012. The common extremalities in biology and physics: maximum energy dissipation principle in chemistry, biology, physics and evolution. London (United Kingdom): Elsevier. Ch. 2.3.2, On vector formulation of additive control; p. 97-99.

Peterson B, Robert T. 2016. Household risk assessment model. Ottawa (ON): Bank of Canada. 68 p. Technical Report no. 106. 

Content last reviewed: March 21, 2019