IEEE Citation Style

When writing academic papers, it is important to credit the author of any information (direct quotations, paraphrasing, code, data, etc.) that is not your own, original work. In order to acknowledge another person’s idea, cite your sources both in-text and in your reference section. Failing to do so constitutes plagiarism.

IEEE Citation Style

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) style is a reference style used in electronics, engineering, telecommunications, computer science, information technology and other technical fields. IEEE helps the reader easily identify the information sources used in a report.

The IEEE style is a numbered citation style. Each reference is assigned a number according to order of use within a document. Source information is acknowledged in two ways:

  1. In-text citations when referencing someone else’s work. References are numbered and enclosed in square brackets, eg. [1].
  2. A numbered reference list at the end of your work providing full details of all references used in-text.

The reference list must be ordered numerically as the citations appear in text (Not in alphabetical order).


In-text IEEE citation

“As noted by Zolla et al. [1], analysis of results …”

Full citation within reference list

[1]F. Zolla, et al., Foundations of Photonic Crystal Fibres. London: Imperial College Press, 2012.

Both in-text citations and a reference list are required for proper IEEE citations.

Note: This resource is a guide - not an authoritative manual - based on IEEE Citation Guidelines and IEEE Editorial Style Manual. If you do not know how to cite a particular item or are citing an item not found in this guide, consult your course instructor or the IEEE Citation Guidelines and IEEE Editorial Style Manual for further examples.

To learn how to cite using IEEE, follow the links in this guide.

References used to compile this guide include:

IEEE Citation Guidelines:

IEEE Editorial Style Manual:

Libguides – IEEE Style Murdoch University:

Content last reviewed: February 26, 2021