Reference List: Books and E-Books

On this page

Basic Guidelines for Citing Books and E-Books

Note: The basic guidelines below are modeled on Citing Medicine, 2nd ed. For a full list of citation rules, consult Chapter 2: Books.

Authors and Editors

  • Enter author’s surname followed by no more than 2 initials (e.g. Smith JD)
  • List all names of authors/editors, regardless of the number
  • List names in the order they appear in the text
  • Separate each author name by a comma and a space

Title

  • Capitalize only the first word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms.
  • Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle

Edition

  • Only include the edition if it is later than the first edition

Place of publication

  • For U.S and Canadian cities, include the abbreviated state or province in the Place of Publication (e.g. Ottawa (ON), Denver (CO)
  • For cities outside the U.S. and Canada, include the country name. (I.e: Malaga (ES) or Malaga (Spain) )
  • If the place of publication is unknown, insert [place unknown]

Publisher

  • A publisher is defined as the individual or organization issuing the book
  • Record the name of the publisher as it appears in the publication

Date of publication

  • Always include the year of publication
  • Include the month of publication, if desired, after the year (e.g. 2009 Mar)
  • Abbreviate months to the first three letters (January becomes Jan, March becomes Mar)
  • If a date of copyright is included, precede the date by the letter “c” (e.g. c2000).
  • If both a date of copyright and a date of publication are available, include both and separate dates by a comma and a space. (e.g 2017, c2015)

Pagination

  • Provide the total number of pages on which the text of the book appears (e.g. 560 p.)
  • When appropriate, abbreviate page numbers as such: “p.344-6” instead of “p.344-346”

Citation Examples

Print Books

One or multiple authors

1.  Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of book. X ed. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Pagination.

Examples

2.  Bhopal RS. Ethnicity, race, and health in multicultural societies: foundations for better epidemiology, public health, and health care. Oxford (UK): Oxford University Press; 2007. 357 p.

3.  Cockerham WC. Social causes of health and disease. 2nd ed. Cambridge (UK): Polity; 2013. 255 p. 

4.  Williamson GR, Whittaker A. Succeeding in Literature Reviews and Research Project Plans for Nursing Students. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: SAGE/Learning Matters; 2014. 198 p.

Edited book

5.  Editor AA, Editor BB, Editor CC, editor(s). Title of book. X ed. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Pagination.

Example

6.  Armitage A, editor. A practical guide to Parkinson's disease: diagnosis and management. New York (NY): Springer Publishing Company; 2018. 321 p.

Organizational author

7.  Name of organization, editor (if applicable). Title of book. X ed. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Pagination.

Example

8.  World Health Organization. Global report on diabetes. Geneva (CH): World Health Organization; 2016. 86 p.

No author

9.  Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Pagination.

Example

1.  HIV/AIDs resources: a nationwide directory. 10th ed. Longmont (CO): Guides for Living; c2004. 792 p.

Chapter of a book

2.  Author AA, Author BB, Author CC. Title of book. Edition (If applicable). Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Chapter X, Title of chapter; Pagination.

Example

3.  Waltz CF, Strickland OL, Lenz ER. Measurement in nursing and health research. 4th ed. New York (NY): Springer Publishing Company; 2010. Chapter 6, Validity of measures; p. 163-202.

Chapter of an edited book

4.  Author AA. Title of chapter. In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Pagination.

Example

5.  Zakhari S. Alcohol metabolism and genetic control. In: Boyle P, editor. Alcohol: science policy, and public health. Oxford (UK): Oxford University Press; 2013. p. 57-70. 

Table or figure in a book

Note: This format can also be used for graphs, charts, photographs, etc.

6.  Author AA. Title of Book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Table/Figure number, Table/Figure caption; Pagination.

Example

7.  Lashley FR. Clinical genetics in nursing practice. 3rd ed. New York (NY): Springer Publishing Company; c2005. Figure 2.5, Meiosis with two autosomal chromosome pairs; p. 27-8.

E-Books

Generally, E-books follow many of the same citation conventions as print books. The difference lies in needing to include the source of the e-book in your citation.

When citing an e-book, you must:

  • Include the medium [Internet] following the book title
  • Always include a URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
  • Include the date of citation in the following format: [cited YYYY MMM DD]
  • Include the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) after the URL, if it is available

For a full list of citation rules, consult Chapter 22: Books and Other Individual Titles on the Internet in Citing Medicine, 2nd ed.

Standard E-Book

8.  Author AA. Title of book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher/Web Sponsor; Year of publication [cited YYYY MMM DD]. Available from: URL doi: (if available)

Example

9.  Burg MM. Psychological treatment of cardiac patients [Internet]. Washington (DC): American Psychological Association; 2018 [cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from: http://search.proquest.com

Edited E-Book

1.  Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher/Web Sponsor; Year of publication [cited YYYY MMM DD]. Available from: URL doi: (if available)

Example

2.  Butera G, Chessa M, Eicken A, Thomson J, editors. Cardiac catheterization for congenital heart disease: from fetal life to adulthood [Internet]. Berlin (DE): Springer-Verlag ; 2015 [cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from: https://www.springer.com/us/book/9788847056800 doi: 10.1007/978-88-470-5681-7 

Chapter in an E-Book

3.  Author/Editor AA, Author/Editor BB, editor(s) (if applicable). Title of book [Internet]. X ed. Place of publication: Publisher/Web Sponsor; Year of publication. Chapter number, Chapter titled; [cited YYYY MMM DD]. p. 1-59. Available from: URL doi: (if available)

Example

4.  Preedy VR, Watson RR, editors. Olives and olive oil in health and disease prevention [Internet]. Amsterdam (NL): Elsevier; 2010. Part 1, General aspects of olives and olive oil; [cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from: https://app.knovel.com/hotlink/toc/id:kpOOOHDP01/olives-olive-oil-in-hea...

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2015 Oct 2; cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine
Content last reviewed: February 20, 2019