Reference List: Dissertations and Theses

On this page

Basic Guidelines for Citing Dissertations and Theses

Note: The basic guidelines below are modeled on Citing Medicine, 2nd Ed. For a full list of citation rules, consult Chapter 5: Dissertations and Theses.

Author

  • Enter author’s surname followed by no more than 2 initials (e.g. Smith JD)
  • List names in the order they appear in the text
  • Separate each author name by a comma and a space

Title

  • Enter the title of a dissertation or thesis as it appear in the original document
  • Capitalize only the first word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms
  • Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle

Place of publication

  • Place is defined as the city where the university or other institution granting the degree is located
  • For U.S and Canadian cities, include the abbreviated state or province in the place of conference and place of publication (e.g. Ottawa (ON), Denver (CO) ) 
  • For cities outside the U.S. and Canada, include the country name or country code. (e.g. Malaga (ES) or Malaga (Spain) )

Publisher

  • The publisher is the university or other institution granting the degree
  • Record the name of the institution as it appears in the publication

Date of Publication

  • Always give the year of publication
  • Include the month of publication, if desired, after the year. E.g. 2008 Jan
  • Abbreviate months to the first three letters (e.g. January becomes Jan)

Citation Examples

Print Dissertations and Theses

1. Author AA. Title of dissertation [dissertation]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Total number of pages.

2. Author AA. Title of thesis [master’s thesis]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Total number of pages.

Examples

3. Gallitto E. A bio-ecological perspective of children's mental health: an empirical investigation into the unkowns of the differential sucsceptibility hypothesis [master's thesis]. Ottawa (ON): Carleton University; 2012. 116 p. 

4. Collins B. Frontal lobe dysfunction in Alzheimer disease: assessment and prognostic significance [dissertation]. Ottawa (ON): University of Ottawa; 1998. 272 p. 

Online Dissertations and Theses

5. Author AA. Title of dissertation [dissertation on the Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. [cited  YYYY MMM DD]. Available from: URL or database

6. Author AA. Title of thesis [master’s thesis on the Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. [cited  YYYY MMM DD]. Available from: URL

Examples

7. McCormick EV. Public health and population health: Leveraging electronic health record data for local population health surveillance [disseration on the internet]. Denver (CO): University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus; 2018. [cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from: https://mountainscholar.org/handle/10968/2471?show=full 

8. Conner MD. Evaluation of a school-based diabetes education intervention, an extension of program ENERGY [master's thesis on the internet]. Fort Collins (CO): Colorado State University; 2014. [cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from: https://mountainscholar.org/handle/10217/88511

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2015 Oct 2; cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine
Content last reviewed: February 20, 2019