Reference List: Journal/E-Journal Articles

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Basic Guidelines for Citing Journals and E-Journals

Note: The basic guidelines below are modeled on Citing Medicine, 2nd Ed. For a full list of citation rules, consult Chapter 1: Journals.


  • Enter author’s surname followed by no more than 2 initials (e.g. Smith JD)
  • List names in the order they appear in text
  • List all authors up to 6. For more than 6 authors, list the first 6 authors followed by “et al.”
  • Separate each author name by a comma and a space

Article title

  • Enter the title of an article as it appears in the publication
  • Capitalize only the first word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms
  • Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle, unless other punctuation is already present

Journal Title

  • Abbreviate journal titles according to NLM catalogue
  • Capitalize all remaining title words and abbreviations

Date of publication

  • Include the year, month, and day of publication (e.g. 2008 Mar 7)
  • Abbreviate months to first three letters (January becomes Jan, March becomes Mar)


  • Include the inclusive page numbers on which the article appears
  • Abbreviate page numbers as such: p. 156-9 instead of 156-159

Citation Examples

Print Journal Article: 1-6 authors

1.Author AA. Title of article. Abbrev. Journal. Year Abbrev. Month;Vol.(Issue):Page numbers.


2. Petitti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG, Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurol. 2005 Jan;62(1):112-6.

Print Journal Article: More than six authors

  • List the first six authors, follow by "et al.".

3. Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, et al. Title of article. Abbrev. Journal Title. Date of publication;Volume(Issue):Page numbers.


4. Hallal AH, Amortegui JD, Jeroukhimov IM, Casillas J, Schulman CI, Manning RJ, et al. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography accurately detects common bile duct stones in resolving gallstone pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg. 2005 Jun;200(6):869-75.

Table/Figure from a Print Journal

Note: This format can also be used for charts, graphs, photographs, etc.

5. Author AA. Title of article. Abbrev. Journal. Year Abbrev. Month;Vol.(Issue):Page numbers. Table/Figure number, table/figure caption; p. number.


6. Wood RH, Gardner RE, Ferachi KA, King C, Ermolao A, Cherry KE, Cress ME,Jazwinski SM. Physical function and quality of life in older adults: sex differences. South Med J. 2005 May;98(5):504-12. Figure 2a, Physical function vs. SF-36 PCS in women; p. 510.

E-Journal Article

7. Author AA, Author BB. Title of article. Abbreviated title of Journal [Internet]. Date of publication [cited YYYY MMM DD];volume(issue):page numbers. Available from: URL doi: (If Available)


8. Skipper A. How should physicians counsel patients who live in food deserts?. AMA J Ethics [Internet]. 2018 Oct [cited 2019 Mar 1];20(10):E918-23. Available from: doi: 10.1001/amajethics.2018.918.

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2015 Oct 2; cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from:
Content last reviewed: February 20, 2019