Reference List: Scientific and Technical Reports

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Basic Guidelines for Citing Scientific and Technical Reports

Note: The basic guidelines below are modeled on Citing Medicine, 2nd Ed. For a full list of citation rules, consult Chapter 4: Scientific and Technical Reports.

Author/Editor

  • Enter author’s surname followed by no more than 2 initials (e.g. Smith JD)
  • List all names of authors/editors, regardless of the number
  • List names in the order they appear in the text
  • Separate each author name by a comma and a space

Title of Report

  • Enter the title of a report as it appears in the original document
  • Only capitalize the first word of a title, proper nouns, proper adjectives, acronyms, and initialisms
  • Use a colon followed by a space to separate a title from a subtitle

Edition

  • Indicate the edition/version being cited after the title when a report is published in more than one edition or version
  • Use arabic ordinals. E.g.: Instead of “Second” or “II”, use 2nd

Place of publication

  • Place is defined as the city where the report was published
  • For U.S and Canadian cities, include the abbreviated state or province in the place of conference and place of publication
  • For cities outside the U.S. and Canada, include the country name or country code. (I.e: Malaga (ES) or Malaga (Spain) )

Publisher

  • Record the name of the publisher as it appears in the publication

Date of publication

  • Always give the year of publication
  • Include the month of publication, if desired, after the year. E.g. 2008 Jan
  • Abbreviate months to the first three letters (e.g. January becomes Jan)

Report number

  • Give the report number as it appears on the publication
  • Precede the number with the wording Report No.: and a space
  • End the number with a period

Citation Examples

Print

1.  Author AA, Author BB. Title of Report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Total number of pages. Report No.: Report Number.

Example

2.  Page E, Harney JM. Health hazard evaluation report. Cincinnati (OH): National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (US); 2001 Feb. 24 p. Report No.: HETA2000-0139-2824.

Print - Organizational Author

3.  Organization Name. Title of Report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Total number of pages. Report No.: Report Number.

Example

4.  Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI). Opiod-related harms in Canada. Ottawa (ON): CIHI; 2018 Dec. 80 p. 

Online

5.  Author AA, Author BB. Title of report [internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication [cited YYYY MMM DD]. Total number of pages. Report No.: Report number. Available from: URL doi: if available.

Example

6.  Public Health Agency of Canada. Canadian national report on immunization, 2006. Ottawa ON:  Scientific Publication and Multimedia Services Section of the Communications Directorate [cited 2019 Mar 7]. 52 p. 32S3:1. Available from: https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/phac-aspc/migration/phac-aspc/publicat...

Part of a report

7.  Author AA, Author BB. Title of Report. Place of publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Name and number of part, Title of part; Location of part.

Example

8.  Townsend FF. The Federal response to Hurricane Katrina: lessons learned. Washington: The White House; 2006 Feb. Figure 1.2, Hurricane Katrina compared to hurricanes Ivan, Andrew, and Camille; p. 7.

Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2015 Oct 2; cited 2019 Mar 1]. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/citingmedicine
Content last reviewed: February 20, 2019