Sample Reference List

Include a reference list of all cited sources at the end of your report. References must be ordered numerically in order of citation, not alphabetically.  

Formatting your reference list

  • Place your reference list at the end of your document
  • Begin the reference list on a new page with the title "References" centered in the page
  • List references in numerical order, and in the order they appear in text
  • Include only reference which you have cited in your text


1.  Williamson GR, Whittaker A. Succeeding in Literature Reviews and Research Project Plans for Nursing Students. 2nd ed. Los Angeles: SAGE/Learning Matters; 2014. 198 p.

2.  HIV/AIDs resources: a nationwide directory. 10th ed. Longmont (CO): Guides for Living; c2004. 792 p.

3. Petitti DB, Crooks VC, Buckwalter JG, Chiu V. Blood pressure levels before dementia. Arch Neurol. 2005 Jan;62(1):112-6.

4. Hallal AH, Amortegui JD, Jeroukhimov IM, Casillas J, Schulman CI, Manning RJ, et al. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography accurately detects common bile duct stones in resolving gallstone pancreatitis. J Am Coll Surg. 2005 Jun;200(6):869-75.

5. Ottawa Public Health. Ottawa public health blog [Internet]. c2019 - [cited 2019 Mar 7]. Available from:

6. Sinhuber M, van der Vaart K, Ni R, Puckett JG, Kelley DH, Ouellette NT. Three-dimensional time-resolved trajectories from laboratory insect swarms. Sci Data. 2019 Mar 5 [cited 2019 Mar 7]. Available from: doi: 10.1038/sdata.2019.36

7.  Public Health Agency of Canada. Canadian national report on immunization, 2006. Ottawa ON:  Scientific Publication and Multimedia Services Section of the Communications Directorate [cited 2019 Mar 7]. 52 p. 32S3:1. Available from:

Content last reviewed: March 11, 2019