CRAP test

Changes to Library services during the COVID-19 service disruption.

Evaluate all the information you find on the web using this four-part test:

Currency

  • How recent is the information?
  • How recently has the website been updated?
  • Is it current enough for your topic?
     

Reliability

  • What kind of information is included in the resource?
  • Is content of the resource primarily opinion?  Is it balanced?
  • Does the creator provide references or sources for data or quotations?
     

Authority

  • Who is the creator or author?
  • What are the credentials?
  • Who is the publisher or sponsor?
  • Are they reputable?
  • What is the publisher's interest (if any) in this information?
  • Are there advertisements on the website?
     

Purpose/point of view

  • Is this fact or opinion?
  • Is it biased?
  • Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?
     

The CRAP test is courtesy of the University of Waterloo

Content last reviewed: July 31, 2018