Research, writing & citing

Before you start your research:

  • Take the time to build your search strategy once you have selected a topic and before you start your research. This means writing down your research question and underlining 2 or 3 concepts that are essential to the question. Then, for each concept, find other words that have similar meaning.
  • Track your research and manage your sources. Keeping track of what you learn from the sources that you use will help you both save time and create your bibliography as you work through your writing assignment. There are various ways you can do this including citation management software which is easy to learn and will help you document your research. The Library offers clinics on citation management software every semester.


 Help with writing:

  • There is a list of resources to help you with writing your research paper on the "writing and citing" tab of the Sociology subject guide. Some titles from this list include:


Remember: you can also consult Writing Services in the Centre for Student Academic Support on the 4th floor of the Library.


5 tips to avoid plagiarism:

Plagiarism is defined by the Merriam-Webster Dictionary as: "The act of stealing and passing off the ideas or words of another as one's own." To avoid plagiarism, follow these steps:

  1. TAKE NOTES: writing down page numbers and references throughout your research is a good way to save time when you need to quote and cite sources.
  2. NEVER copy and paste material unless you cite it properly.
  3. At the end of each paper/report, CITE ALL SOURCES you have used.
  4. LEARN AND USE citation style guides and citation management tools.
  5. When in doubt, ASK FOR HELP!


Citing your sources:

There is no required citation style for this course but once you select a citation style, use it consistently throughout your research project.

Style Guide for the Preparation of Essays (Carleton University Department of Sociology and Anthropology)

Citing your sources (Library guide)





Content last updated: December 12, 2018