Changes to Library services during the COVID-19 lockdown.

This subject guide will assist you in finding books, journal articles, and websites, as well as assist you in developing your research skills.

Step #1: Get background information from handbooks, encyclopedias, dictionaries.


  • Begin by defining exactly what you are searching for
  • Select the keywords/synonyms in your topic
  • Be specific when determining keywords/synonyms and terms to search
  • Use the advanced interface of electronic databases and Internet search engines to help narrow your search
  • Limit results in electronic databases to full-text or peer reviewed journals only
  • Use Boolean Operators to connect search terms 
  • Take notes during your research to keep track of where you have been, keywords searched, what worked and what didn't, etc.
  • Google search secrets [electronic resource] / Christa Burns and Michael P. Sauers.

Sources​ of Information

  • Publication Cycle: to find primary and secondary sources of information, use tertiary sources of information: dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks. When a researcher publishes material, they follow the cycle clockwise. To find primary and secondary sources, follow the cycle anti clockwise.

Reference Materials

Step #2: Once your topic is narrowly defined, select databases to find specific articles that have been published in journals.

Key databases

  • Academic OneFile: Includes more than 8000 journals with extensive coverage of the physical sciences, technology, medicine, social sciences, the arts, theology, literature, and other subject; intended primarily for academic researchers.  Excellent source of peer-reviewed, fulltext articles.
  • Annual Reviews: Provides access to review articles in the Biomedical, Life, Physical, and Social Sciences.
  • Anthro Plus: Comprehensive international coverage in most branches of anthropology and archaeology, folklore, material culture and interdisciplinary studies.
  • AnthroSource: Full text access publications of the American Anthropological Association, including American Anthropologist, American Ethnologist, Cultural Anthropology, Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, Medical Anthropology Quarterly, and others.
  • Basic Search eHRAF World Cultures Tutorial on YouTube
  • eHRAF World Cultures: (Human Relations Area Files) cross-cultural and ethnographic database containing descriptive information on cultures (based on the Outline of World Cultures -OWC) and ethnic groups from around the world.
  • Oxford Bibliographies Online: is a tool for the social sciences and humanities.
  • Project MUSE: A collection of scholarly journals in the arts, humanities and social sciences.
  • PubMed: Provides access to citations covering all areas of medicine and associated fields.
  • Sage Research Methods: coverage spans the full range of research methods used in the social and behavioral sciences and resources to help with writing a research question, conducting a literature review, choosing a research method, collecting and analyzing data, and writing up the findings.
  • WorldCat: A union catalogue of libraries worldwide.
  • Multidisciplinary databases

    • Ebsco databases: Databases available through the EBSCOhost interface. Multiple databases can be selected and searched simultaneously. Click on EBSCOhost Web.​
    • Ethnographic Video Online: for study of human culture and behavior
    • JSTOR: Digital library of academic journals, books and primary sources.
    • Oxford Bibliographies Online: a tool for the social sciences and humanities
  • Multidisciplinary databases with Canadian content

Selected Journals

Step #3: non-literary forms of representation in anthropology

Maps and images


For more go to our listing of images databases

Also consult our images "find" guide.​

Suggested books

Step #4: Find books on your topic to gain greater depth and understanding.

Books and Serials in Anthropology are shelved at these locations in the Library of Congress system: GN1-890 

We welcome your suggestions for books or other library materials you need for your study or research at Carleton.

Google Books >Anthropology​

Suggested Subject Headings

Research Methods

Research Ethics


Step #5: Write down or store all the references you have consulted to include them in your bibliography of your research paper (e.g., Mendeley)

Find out about learning support sessions on writing that are offered by the Centre for Student Academic Support.

Style Guide for the Preparation of Essays (Carleton University Department of Sociology and Anthropology)


Citation searching is a technique to find scholarly clusters for a research topic.  Take the citation for a key book or journal article and try to see who might have used that citation in their bibliography.

  • Web of Science  

    • Topic alerts - set up alerts in any category or sub-specialty and receive regular updates of the latest research.
    • Citation Alerting -keep track of particular citations, to see if anyone is citing it in recent journals.
    • You can set up a citation alert whenever you’re reading a full-text article by clicking on "Save as Citation Alert."
  • Google Scholar
    • For Cited Reference Search.  Look at the link "cited by". Search for your "key" article.  Check the link "cited by" right beneath the reference to that article
    • "Citation alerts" - to avoid an overload of irrelevant stuff, set up an alert on the page where you list out "cited references"; captures a "wider" range of journals and also includes "book chapters" etc.
  • How to do a Cited Reference Search tutorial [VIDEO 4 min 16 seconds]

Current awareness

  • sshrc- list: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council
  • WatchThatPage: is a service that enables you to automatically collect new information from your favorite pages on the Internet


  • Conference Alerts: Academic and professional conference listings by subject and region


  • BrowZine: brings scholarly, academic journal content together from multiple publishers and platforms into a single place, where you can save your favorite journals, view the tables of contents, and read or save articles, as new issues are released
  • Citation Management software: Zotero, Mendeley, EndNote... Learn how to use citation management software.
  • Data & statistics information: locating statistical resources and information
  • GIS (Geographic Information Systems): includes geospatial data and maps
  • NVivo: a software package that helps with qualitative data analysis
  • Scholarly publishing and open access: "Scholarly communication is the system through which research and other scholarly writings are created, evaluated for quality, disseminated to the scholarly community, and preserved for future use" - from Association of College & Research Libraries.

Grey Literature

  • Grey literature: defined as "information produced on all levels of government, academics, business and industry in electronic and print formats not controlled by commercial publishing" ie. where publishing is not the primary activity of the producing body." — ICGL Luxembourg definition, 1997. Expanded in New York, 2004
    • Canadian Electronic Library from desLibris: Contains the full text of public policy documents from Canadian institutes, think-tanks and research groups
    • Canadian Research Index: to find Canadian government publications
    • IGO Search: IGO Search is a Google Custom Search Engine (CSE) that searches across IGO websites. It is a project of the International Documents Taskforce (IDTF) of the American Library Association (ALA)

Literature reviews and current awareness

  • Annual Reviews: synthesize the vast amount of primary research literature and identify the principal contributions in each field.
  • Dissertations and Theses Global: a comprehensive collection of dissertations and theses from around the world, spanning from 1743 to the present
  • Dissertations and Theses@Carleton: Contains citations & abstracts for Carleton University Master’s and PhD theses as well as the full-text for theses from 1997-2013
  • Carleton University's Institutional Repository: Open Access and other scholarly publications from Carleton University

Suggested books

Services for Graduate Students


Content last updated: July 7, 2020