If you're not sure where to start your research this guide will point you to some of the best starting points. Don't forget, you can always get in touch directly with any questions you may have. 

Subject specific dictionaries and encyclopedias are useful for helping you figure out the jargon of a discipline and can give quick overviews of a topic to get you started. You can often pick up keywords to use in your search strategies from these sources. 

Start with:

  • Summon : the one-search box on the Library's home page. Look for a specific title, or use keywords to find books and articles on a topic. Use the filters on the results page to refine your search results. For example you can limit to just books or just journal articles.

Also try: 

Our subject or discipline specific databases may allow you to find sources you can't find through Summon. They also often include other features (search, sort, result display, download...) that Summon does not have. All will let you find journal articles. Some will include books or book chapters.

  • Proquest databases: can search each individually or can combine and search across all at the same time
  • MLA International Bibliography Covers literature as well as languages and linguistics
  • EBSCO databases: can search each individually or can combine and search across all at the same time
  • LearnTechLib Narrow focus just on educational technology and e-learning, but material is full-text and includes articles, conference papers, presentations, ebooks
  • Scopus Multidisciplinary for sciences and social sciences with times cited info and links to citing articles plus lots of ways to analyze your results
  • Web of Science Core Collection Multidisciplinary for all subject areas with tmes cited info and links to citing articles plus lots of ways to analyze your results
  • Scholars Portal Journals Completely full-text collection of the journals from a number of publishers including Elsevier, Wiley, OUP, CUP, Springer, Taylor & Francis, APA, MUSE, JSTOR... So, anything you find searching this database you WILL definitely get in full-text, but it may not cover all the important journals in any given subject area

The following is a small selection of books and journals available from the Library.  Search Summon or consult your course reading lists for other suggestions. 

Discourse Studies

Gee, J. P. & Handford, M. (2012). The Routledge handbook of discourse analysis
Call Number P302.R68 2012 see availability

Gee, J. P. (2011). How to do discourse analysis: a toolkit
Call Number: P302.G398 2011 see availability

Jewitt, C. (2009). The Routledge handbook of multimodal analysis
Call Number: P99.4.M6 R68 2009 see availability

Simpson, P. & Mayr, A. (2010). Language and power : a resource book for students
Call Number: P40 .S49 2010 see availability

Taylor, S. (2013). What is discourse analysis

Bilingualism & Multilingualism

Bhatia, T. K & Ritchie, C. (2013). Handbook of bilingualism and multilingualism

Gonzalez, J. M. (2008). Encyclopedia of bilingual education v. 1&2
Floor 3, Call Number: LC3707 .E523 2008 see availability

Grosjean, F. (2008). Studying bilinguals.

Leikin, M., Schwartz, M. ,& Tobin, Y. (2012) Current issues in bilingualism: cognitive and socio-linguistic perspectives.

Wei, L. & Moyer, M. (2008). The Blackwell guide to research methods in bilingualism and multilingualism
Floor 3, Call Number: P115 .B575 2008 see availability

Language Assessment & Testing

Banerjee. J. (2016). Handbook of second language assessment

Fox, J. et al (2007). Language testing reconsidered
 also available in print, see availability

Fulcher, G. & Davidson, F. (2007). Language testing and assessment : an advanced resource book
also available in print, see availability

Fulcher, G. (2010). Practical language testing
Call Number: P53.4.F86 2010 see availability

Kunnan, J. (2014). Companion to language assessment

Language Teaching & Second Language Acquisition

Brown, H. D.  (2014). Principles of language learning and teaching: a course in second language acquisition.
Call Number: P51.B76 2014 see availability

Byram, M. & Hu, A. (2013) Routledge encyclopedia of language teaching and learning, 2nd ed. also available Routledge encyclopedia of language teaching and learning, 1st ed. 

Ellis, R. (2015). Understanding second language acquisition
Call Number: P118.2 .O78 2015 see availability (older editions also available)

Gass, S. M. and Mackey, A. (2012). Routledge handbook of second language acquisition

Herschensohn, J. & Young-Scholten, M. (2013). Cambridge handbook of second language acquisition.

Loween, S.  & Sato, M. (2017). Routledge handbook of instructed second language acquisition

Nation, I.S.P. & Newton, J. (2009). Teaching ESL/EFL listening and speaking
Call Number: PE1128.A2 N344 2009 see availability

Nation, I. S. P. (2009). Teaching ESL/EFL reading and writing
Call Number: PE1128.A2 N345 2009 see availability

Nation, I.S.P. & Macalister, J. (2010). Language curriculum design
Call Number: PE1128.A2 N33 2010 see availability

Richards, J. C. & Burns, A. (2012). Cambridge guide to pedagogy and practice in second language teaching
Call Number: PE1128.A2 C318 2012 see availability

Schwieter, J. W. (2013). Innovative research and practices in second language acquisition.
Call Number: P118.2.I54 2013 see availability

APA Style 

The School of Linguistics and Language Studies (SLALS) uses APA Style as their default style. If you're not sure what style to use, check with your professor or T.A.

  • Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA Formatting & Style Guide. They give examples of all kinds of references, both how to cite within your text as well as how to format the bibliography. Also includes a sample paper 
  • APA Style see their Quick Answers section or search their site. They are the publisher of the full Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, which we have in print, see availability
  • You can also just google: "how do I cite xxxx in apa", which often turns up the official apa.org answer and other reputable (look for.edu or other university web sites). Example: "how do I cite a video in APA"

Note about citation management tools

If you want to know more about citation management tools such as Zotero, Mendeley, and EndNote come to one of our workshops during the fall and winter terms. These tools can help you gather, organize, and automatically format your references/citations in APA format

General Writing Help:

Writing services at Carleton

Want some one-on-one help with your writing? Need some help with your draft? You may want to make an appointment with Writing Services, located on Floor 4 of the MacOdrum Library

Ballenger, B. P. (2012). The curious researcher: a guide to writing research papers, 7th ed. 
Call Number: LB2369.B246 2012 see availability

Graff, G. & Birkensteain, C. (2014). "They say / I say": the moves that matter in academic writing
Call Number PE1431.G73 2014 see availability

Harris, R. A. (2002). Using sources effectively: Strengthening your writing and avoiding plagiarism
Call Number: PN146.H37 2002 see availability

Northey, M. (2007). Making sense : a student's guide to research and writing, 5th ed. 
Call Number: LB2369.N67 2006 see availability

Northey, M. (2005). Making sense : a student's guide to research and writing : social sciences. 2nd updated ed.
​Call Number: H62 .N687 2005 see availability

Shields, M. (2010). Essay writing: a student's guide
Call Number: PE1471.S45 see availability