Applied linguistics and discourse studies

If you're not sure where to start your research this guide will point you to some of the best starting points. Don't forget, you can always get in touch directly with any questions you may have. 

Subject specific dictionaries and encyclopedias are useful for helping you figure out the jargon of a discipline and can give quick overviews of a topic to get you started. You can often pick up keywords to use in your search strategies from these sources. 

Start with:

  • Omni : the single-search box on the Library's home page.
    • Look for a specific title, or use keywords to find books and articles on a topic.
    • Use the filters on the results page to refine your search results. For example you can limit to just books or just peer-reviewed journal articles.
    • For more complex searches, try the Advanced Search 

Also try: 

Our subject or discipline specific databases may allow you to find sources you can't find through Omni. They may also include other features  that Omni does not have. All will let you find journal articles. Some will also include other types of resources such as books, book chapters, theses.

  • Proquest databases: can search each individually or can combine and search across all at the same time
  • MLA International Bibliography Covers literature as well as languages and linguistics
  • EBSCO databases: can search each individually or can combine and search across all at the same time
  • LearnTechLib Narrow focus just on educational technology and e-learning, but material is full-text and includes articles, conference papers, presentations, ebooks
  • Scopus Multidisciplinary for sciences and social sciences with times cited info and links to citing articles plus lots of ways to analyze your results
  • Web of Science Core Collection Multidisciplinary for all subject areas with times cited info and links to citing articles plus lots of ways to analyze your results
  • Scholars Portal Journals Completely full-text collection of the journals from a number of publishers including Elsevier, Wiley, OUP, CUP, Springer, Taylor & Francis, APA, MUSE, JSTOR... So, anything you find searching this database you WILL definitely get in full-text, but it may not cover all the important journals in any given subject area

The following is a small selection of books and journals available from the Library.  Search Omni or consult your course reading lists for other suggestions. 

Discourse Studies

Gee, J. P. & Handford, M. (2012). The Routledge handbook of discourse analysis
Also available in print

Gee, J. P. (2011). How to do discourse analysis: A toolkit <print only>

Jewitt, C. (2009). The Routledge handbook of multimodal analysis <print only>

Simpson, P. & Mayr, A. (2010). Language and power : a resource book for students <print only>

Taylor, S. (2013). What is discourse analysis?

Bilingualism & Multilingualism

Bhatia, T. K & Ritchie, C. (2013). Handbook of bilingualism and multilingualism

Gonzalez, J. M. (2008). Encyclopedia of bilingual education <2 vol, print only>

Leikin, M., Schwartz, M. ,& Tobin, Y. (2012) Current issues in bilingualism: cognitive and socio-linguistic perspectives.

Wei, L. & Moyer, M. (2008). The Blackwell guide to research methods in bilingualism and multilingualism <print only>

Language Assessment & Testing

Banerjee. J. (2016). Handbook of second language assessment

Cheng, Liying & Fox, J.  (2017). Assessment in the language classroom: Teachers supporting student learning <print only>

Fulcher, G. (2014). Testing second language speaking

Fulcher, G. (2010). Practical language testing <print only>

Kunnan, J. (2014). Companion to language assessment

Language Teaching & Second Language Acquisition

Byram, M. & Hu, A. (2013) Routledge encyclopedia of language teaching and learning, 2nd ed. also available Routledge encyclopedia of language teaching and learning, 1st ed

Ellis, R. (2015). Understanding second language acquisition <print only, older editions also available>

Gass, S. M. and Mackey, A. (2012). Routledge handbook of second language acquisition . also available in print

Herschensohn, J. & Young-Scholten, M. (2013). Cambridge handbook of second language acquisition.

Loween, S.  & Sato, M. (2017). Routledge handbook of instructed second language acquisition

Nation, I.S.P. & Newton, J. (2009). Teaching ESL/EFL listening and speaking <print only>

Nation, I. S. P. (2009). Teaching ESL/EFL reading and writing.  also available in print

Nation, I.S.P. & Macalister, J. (2010). Language curriculum design <print only>

Richards, J. C. & Burns, A. (2012). Cambridge guide to pedagogy and practice in second language teaching  <print only>

Schwieter, J. W. (2013). Innovative research and practices in second language acquisition and bilingualism. also available in print

The following is just a selection of some of the major journals in applied linguistics & discourse studies that the Library subscribes to.

To see if the Library subscribes to a particular journal, search by the journal title in the Library catalogue

To search across a number of journals to find articles on a particular topic, use the  article databases recommended  above.

APA Style 

The School of Linguistics and Language Studies (SLALS) uses APA Style as their default style. If you're not sure what style to use, check with your professor or T.A.

  • Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA Formatting & Style Guide. They give examples of all kinds of references, both how to cite within your text as well as how to format the bibliography. Also includes a sample paper 
  • APA Style see their Quick Answers section or search their site. They are the publisher of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association which we have in print. NEW 7th edition 2020 is now available
  • You can also just google: "how do I cite xxxx in apa", which often turns up the official answer and other reputable (look or other university web sites). Example: "how do I cite a video in APA"

Note about citation management tools

If you want to know more about citation management tools such as Zotero, Mendeley, and EndNote come to one of our workshops during the fall and winter terms. These tools can help you gather, organize, and automatically format your references/citations in APA format

General Writing Help:

Writing services at Carleton

Want some one-on-one help with your writing? Need some help with your draft? You may want to make an appointment with Writing Services, located on Floor 4 of the MacOdrum Library


Graff, G. & Birkensteain, C. (2014). "They say / I say": the moves that matter in academic writing <print only>

Harris, R. A. (2017). Using sources effectively: Strengthening your writing and avoiding plagiarism, 5th edition <print only>

Northey, M. (2007). Making sense : a student's guide to research and writing, 5th edition <print only>

Northey, M. (2018). Making sense : a student's guide to research and writing : social sciences. 7th edition <print only>

Shields, M. (2010). Essay writing: a student's guide <print only>

Content last reviewed: January 7, 2020