Canadian Studies

Pîjashig Kwe kwe! Tunngahugit! She:kon! Aanii! Boozhoo! Tansi! Taanishi! Hello! Bienvenue!

Meet Martha Attridge Bufton in the following video.

Pick a research topic

  • Read your syllabus (assignment instructions).
  • Pick a topic that interests you and meets the assignment instructions.
  • Narrow or broaden the scope of your topic so that it is "doable."
    • What's scope? Scope refers to the "people, places and things" or "who, what, when and where" that you are studying. For example, Canada or another country? Children or adults? Education or child protection services?

Identify key concepts

Do an initial search for academic sources

  • Here are some videos to help you pick the right search engines and sources for your assignment.
  • Use the CRAP test to evaluate the quality of online sources.

Popular versus academic sources (what's the difference?) and the peer review process

Test your knowledge:

Play Sources: Level 1 
Play Sources: Level 2 

Searching tips: Truncation and phrase searching

Find peer-reviewed journal articles on a variety of topics

These databases have significant Canadian content:

Databases for heritage conservation 

Other databases

  • Google Scholar (provides access to scholarly literature from many disciplines and sources including peer reviewed articles)


  • Finding and using images: a Carleton University library guide (including how to cite images in your projects and presentations)

Open access journals

Heritage conservation archival publications

Recommended peer-review journals in our library collection

Regional journals

Some publications are available either only in print or online. Others are available in both formats. Check UlrichsWeb for more information about individual journals.

Find books

In the search field on the library home page, use keywords to find books and ebooks (i.e., use your key concepts to search for relevant materials). You can limit your results by clicking on the Books/ebooks filter in the left-hand navigation. 

Finding ebooks

Many ebook collections are available through the library. These collections include:

To retrieve these materials with a keyword search in the library main search engine or other databases:

  • To find ebooks, use the "available online" and "books" filters in Omni.
  • To find journal articles
    • Use the "available online" and "articles" filters in Omni
    • Use the "linked to full text" filter in other databases.

Watch the following video below on how to use filters in the main library search engine (on the library home page).

In addition, virtual research support is also available:

  • Ask a Librarian offers virtual reference desk services seven days a week.
  • Individual consultations: Email your librarian or subject specialists to arrange an individual consultation.

Looking for digital or electronic materials that are not in the Carleton University Library Collection? Email your librarian or subject specialist.

Dictionaries, encyclopedias and handbooks are a good place to find short definitions and introductions to key concepts.





Find government policies

  1. Find government information online using the library help guide.
  2. Office of the Auditor General of Canada.  The OAG publishes reports that evaluation government policies and programs.  
  3. Library of Parliament of Canada.  The library produces publications on policy issues.
  4. Search the Canadian Research Index.

Go to to find a list of departments and agencies.

Canadian legislation

Department of Justice

Other federal and provincial legislation

International legislation

United Kingdom

United States



Find data at the Carleton University library's Data Centre.




 Use our Citing your sources page to link to our APA guide, instructional videos and more.

Content last reviewed: January 28, 2021