Gladue reports

Pîjashig Kwe kwe! Tunngahugit! She:kon! Aanii! Boozhoo! Tansi! Taanishi! Hello! Bienvenue!
The MacOdrum Library is located on the unceded territories of the Algonquin nation. This guide provides information for students, faculty, report writers, and legal professionals who write and/or work with Gladue reports.

What is a Gladue report?

Gladue reports are part of an attempt to address the over-representation of people of Aboriginal background in the criminal justice system. The name comes from a 1999 Supreme Court of Canada decision, R. v. Gladue. A Gladue report will outline some background information about the offender before a court, and is intended to inform a judge's decision whenever a possible loss of liberty is at stake. This includes bail hearings, sentencing, parole, and Long Term Supervision Orders.

Native Women's Association of Canada: What is Gladue?

Legal framework

  • Criminal Code Section 718.2 - the Gladue decision was based on:
    • (e) all available sanctions, other than imprisonment, that are reasonable in the circumstances and consistent with the harm done to victims or to the community should be considered for all offenders, with particular attention to the circumstances of Aboriginal offenders.
  • R. v. Gladue (1999)
  • R. v. Wells (2000)
  • R. v. Ipeelee (2012)

General Information

Aboriginal sentencing Gladue principles: In a nutshell


A Gladue report will need information on the early life and family history of the person before the court. These resources can help you find information on genealogy, the history of residential schools, and maps or histories of a community or First Nation.

Open access resources

These resources are freely available, i.e., they do not require the user to be a student, faculty or staff member of Carleton University.

Residential schools information (institutional)

Community information

On-campus and digital resources

The frequency of use of Gladue reports varies across legal jurisdictions, as does the availability of healing lodges and other alternatives to incarceration.

Federal government

Atlantic provinces






British Columbia



The writer of a Gladue report will often have to interview friends, family, or other people connected to the person before the court. These are resources related to interview skills.

Note: The writer will have to obtain informed consent from the interviewees. 

Content last updated: January 24, 2021