Global & International Studies

Research Tip Sheet (pdf)

It is also important to understand the difference between Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sources, including how to locate and use them

Summon Searching

The library's search tool, Summon, allows you to search for books, journal articles, media, and more with a single search. You can access Summon from the library's homepage.  Also try the Advanced Search.

When searching Summon, consider the following:

Once you have your results:

  • To see only BOOKS click on Book/eBook.
  • To see only JOURNAL ARTICLES click on Journal Article and click on Scholarly & Peer-Review.

Because there will be many results, it is important to narrow your search.

Narrow by:

  • Content Type
  • Discipline
  • Publication Date
  • Subject Terms
  • Language
  • Library Location

When to Use Summon:


Catalogue Searching 

Do a keyword search using boolean operators:
Connect keywords using AND.   E.g. sustainable energy and policy
Connect synonyms with OR.   E.g. (renewable or sustainable) and energy
Use truncation * to expand results.   E.g. canad* will search Canada, Canadian or Canadians
When using more than one operator, use parentheses to group words.                                                  
Example: energy and (efficiency or renewable or sustainable) and policy and Canad*

Keyword searching will retrieve print monographs, ebooks and reports by think tanks, research institutes as well as local and international governments. Narrow your search by scrolling down the record of a relevant title and clicking on the subject heading provided.

Suggested Subject Headings:

Or search by keyword by specific topics:
Globalization and women
Or by country  Globalization and China

Academic Journals vs. Popular Magazines and Newspapers

Journal Articles

Grey Literature

Grey literature is an important source of information for research. It provides access to a broad range of information and often contains new ideas. Searching grey literature also offers the potential to balance any tendencies for publication bias found in published literature. It helps introduce alternative perspectives that may not be represented in standard literature.

Examples of grey literature include:

  • technical or research reports
  • committee reports
  • market reports
  • conference papers
  • white papers
  • poster
  • pamphlet
  • conference presentations
  • blogs
  • emails
  • podcasts
  • government documents
  • speeches
  • preprint materials
  • theses and dissertation
  • newsletters
  • clinical trials

Resources for finding grey literature

Policy Reports and Working Papers

Think Tanks

Tips for Newspaper Searching

A small sample of titles available online through the Library catalogue:


Content last updated: August 8, 2019