History for Graduate Students

This guide is designed for masters and Phd students in the Department of History.

Writing Guides

Literature Review Writing Guides

Theses Databases

Consider other forms of published literature


To find journal articles, you have three options:

1. Search Omni library's main search box to find books, journal articles, newspaper articles, videos, and many other types of published literature. Omni searches almost all of our collections and databases, simultaneously. For help, consult How to find Articles in Omni or the use the Omni Search Tips guide.

2. Search Databases

Important note: If the library does not have what you need, you can order electronic material from other libraries through RACER.

3. Search Google Scholar

Most researchers regularly search Google Scholar because it is convenient, but please remember to always connect to it via the Carleton Library.

Google Scholar is a large search engine that searches information on the web and provides links to full-text articles to which the Carleton Library subscribes, or to articles made freely available by publishers. It provides articles from academic publishers, professional societies, preprint repositories and scholarly articles posted on the web. Although it is easy to use and includes 'cited by' and ranking features, it does not provide full text without a library subscription, and the coverage for the humanities and social sciences is uneven. There is no 'filter option' for just scholarly publications and very few options to limit or narrow your search results.

Cited Reference Searching 

Why is this important? It is most often used for finding articles that cite a particular work. Many databases provide citation counts for individual articles.

For more help:

Begin with: 

Searching for primary sources:

Search your topic (or historical person of interest) using Omni the library's main search box to find primary sources (or reproductions) in our collection. Keyword searches that include the following terms will identify primary materials most of the time: diar*, correspondence, letters, memoir, personal narratives, recollections, reminiscences, journal, sources.

Search example: nurses AND war AND diar*

 Other search tips: 

Historical Newspaper Databases

Primary Sources on the web


Consult the Citation Management Help Guide for more information. There are many free citation management systems available. The library provides support for the following:


Sage Research Methods database is designed to support researchers with writing a research question, choosing a method, gathering and analyzing data, to and writing up & publishing the findings.

  • Tip: Browse by discipline, look for 'History' to find a number of handbooks and case studies.

Useful Books

Nvivo Software

Nvivo is qualitative data analysis software intended to help researchers organize and analyze data, identify trends, and cross examine information in a variety of ways.  Consult the NVIVO service web page for more information about this tool and online training.

Publishing Tools

Self Archiving

  • CURVE is Carleton's institutional repository which collects, preserves and provides open access to the academic research output and creative works of Carleton faculty and scholars.

Open Access



Journal Metrics

Journal-level metrics (bibliometrics) is used to measure the impact of a journal as a whole. They can also be used for:

  • preparing your portfolio
  • assessing the impact and quality of a journal relative to a particular discipline or field through ranking
  • tenure and promotion in academia
  • publication venue choices
  • collection building and assessment

For more information, consult:

Other Help

Content last reviewed: January 13, 2021