Indigenous Studies

Pîjashig Kwe kwe! Tunngahugit! She:kon! Aanii! Boozhoo! Tansi! Taanishi! Hello! Bienvenue!
The MacOdrum Library is located on the unceded territories of the Algonquin nation. Use this guide to begin your research and consult Martha Attridge Bufton. Martha is available for online research consultations.

Meet Martha Attridge Bufton in the following video.

Pick a research topic

  • Read your syllabus (assignment instructions).
  • Pick a topic that interests you and meets the assignment instructions.
  • Narrow or broaden the scope of your topic so that it is "doable."
    • What's scope? Scope refers to the "people, places and things" or "who, what, when and where" that you are studying. For example, Canada or another country? Children or adults? Education or child protection services?

Identify community names
Use a tool such as the First Nations, Metis and Inuit – Indigenous Ontologies (FNMIIO) to identify the names that Indigenous communities prefer and use.

Identify key concepts

Do an initial search for academic sources

  • Here are some videos to help you pick the right search engines and sources for your assignment.
  • Use the CRAP test to evaluate the quality of online sources.

Research journey

  • Patriotic Chiefs
    • Archivist Andrew Ross (Library and Archives Canada) has consulted files on individual photographers, reference works, and tapped the expertise of colleagues for information about Robert Mumford. Unfortunately, it appears that nothing more is known about this photographer. Canadian Patriotic Indian Chiefs is part of a series of five that Mumford registered for copyright in 1915. The others are under MIKAN numbers 3259632, 3259633, 3259634, and 3259635. 

  • A Peep at the Esquimaux

Popular versus academic sources and the peer review process

Searching tips: Truncation and phrase searching

Find peer-reviewed journal articles

One of the recommended databases is the Bibliography of Native North Americans. This video introduces you to the database and shows you how to do a simple search.

Additional relevant databases and digital collections 


The Library collects a variety of games and game-related media. Most can be borrowed from the library by Carleton students, faculty and staff with a valid Library card. The normal loan period is 2 weeks, with 2 renewals.


  • Finding and using images: A Carleton University Library guide (including how to cite images in your projects and presentations)

Indigenous heritage

Indigenous heritage collection at Library and Archives Canada (e.g., Windspeaker).

Residential schools (Truth and Reconciliation Commission)

What Is Reconciliation from TRC - CVR on Vimeo.

Traditional knowledge

World Intellectual Property Organization: Protecting traditional knowledge

Voices, stories, histories, languages

Open access

Recommended peer-review journals in our library collection

Non peer-reviewed

Some publications are available either only in print or online. Others are available in both formats. Check UlrichsWeb for more information about individual journals.

Find books

In the search field on the library home page, use keywords to find books and ebooks (i.e., use your key concepts to search for relevant materials).

Indigenous studies-related materials in the Carleton Archives and Research Collections (fifth floor of the library)

Find maps
The library collection contains a range of maps, which can be in a variety of ways. For example:

You can search for these maps using the search option on the library home page, by clicking on Maps in the "Find" column on the home page and entering keywords in the search field or by contacting our Maps & Cartographic specialist (scroll down the page until you find this subject specialist).

Also, there are a number of geographic information system (GIS) resources that are useful and free.







(From left to right) Algonquin medicine plant; Elk and elk spiritTree of trees. Artwork by Simon Brascoupé. Simon Brascoupé Anishinabeg/Haudenausanee – Bear Clan is a member of Kitigan Zibi Anishinabeg First Nation, Maniwaki, Quebec.. He is an adjunct research professor at Carleton University and Trent University.

COVID-19 information

Indigenous organizations

Federal government



United States

Legal resources

Federal government information

Commissions and inquiries



Other federal legislation

Indigenous Law Centre. (Includes a link to Canadian Native Law Cases from 1763 - 1978 complied and indexed by ILC researchers)

Land claims and treaties



Non-governmental organizations

Data and statistics

Community data


Statistics Canada

Census data from 1871 onwards and the National Household Survey, 2011 are available in <odesi>

Aboriginal Peoples' Surveys

Data from the Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 1991, 2001 and 2006 are available in <odesi>

Some provinces have highlighted their indigenous populations by drawing on the National Household Survey, 2011 and census data:

For more general statistics by province, consult our guide to Canadian government statistics.

Electronic resources

Many digital and electronic resources are available through the library.

To retrieve these materials with a keyword search in the library main search engine or other databases:

  • To find ebooks, use the "available online" and "books" filters in Omni.
  • To find journal articles
    • Use the "available online" and "articles" filters in Omni
    • Use the "linked to full text" filter in other databases.

Watch the two short videos below for instructions on how to use these filters.

  • Click on the Journals link under the main search field on the library home page. Use the "available online" option when available to access the digital or electronic version of a journal article.

Transcript: Finding electronic resources in the main search engine of the Carleton University Library

Transcript: Finding full-text peer reviewed journal articles in a library database

In addition, virtual research support is also available:

  • Ask a Librarian offers virtual reference desk services seven days a week.
  • Individual consultations: Email your librarian or subject specialists to arrange an individual consultation via Big Blue Button.

Looking for digital or electronic materials that are not in the Carleton University Library Collection? Email your librarian or subject specialist.

 Use our Citing your sources page to link to our APA guide, instructional videos and more.

Content last reviewed: January 28, 2021