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The MacOdrum Library is located on the unceded territories of the Algonquin nation. Use this guide to begin your research and consult Martha Attridge Bufton, who can help you find materials to complete your assignments.

Meet Martha Attridge Bufton in the following video.

Pick a research topic

  • Read your syllabus (assignment instructions).
  • Pick a topic that interests you and meets the assignment instructions.
  • Narrow or broaden the scope of your topic so that it is "doable."
    • What's scope? Scope refers to the "people, places and things" or "who, what, when and where" that you are studying. For example, Canada or another country? Children or adults? Education or child protection services?

Identify key concepts

Do an initial search for academic sources

Research journey

  • Patriotic Chiefs
    • Archivist Andrew Ross (Library and Archives Canada) has consulted files on individual photographers, reference works, and tapped the expertise of colleagues for information about Robert Mumford. Unfortunately, it appears that nothing more is known about this photographer. Canadian Patriotic Indian Chiefs is part of a series of five that Mumford registered for copyright in 1915. The others are under MIKAN numbers 3259632, 3259633, 3259634, and 3259635. 

  • A Peep at the Esquimaux

Popular versus academic sources (what's the difference?) and the peer review process

Searching tips: Truncation and phrase searching

Find peer-reviewed journal articles

One of the recommended databases is the Bibliography of Native North Americans. This video introduces you to the database and shows you how to do a simple search.

Additional databases and digital collections for finding peer-reviewed journal articles and other materials


  • Finding and using images: A Carleton University Library guide (including how to cite images in your projects and presentations)

Indigenous newspapers

Native newspapers currently received by Library and Archives Canada (e.g., Windspeaker).

Residential schools (Truth and Reconciliation Commission)

What Is Reconciliation from TRC - CVR on Vimeo.

Traditional knowledge

World Intellectual Property Organization: Protecting traditional knowledge

Voices, stories, histories, languages

Open access

Recommended peer-review journals in our library collection

Non peer-reviewed

Some publications are available either only in print or online. Others are available in both formats. Check UlrichsWeb for more information about individual journals.

Find books

In the library catalogue, use keywords to find books and ebooks (i.e., use your key concepts to search for relevant materials).

Indigenous studies-related books found in the library's collection (sample)

Indigenous studies-related materials in the Carleton Archives and Research Collections (fifth floor of the library)

There are a number of geographic information system (GIS) resources, such as maps, that are useful and free.

Use your library account to save searches

  • Save your favorite searches for easy reference so that you can run these searches on demand.
  • Receive email search alerts when material has been added to the collection matching your preferred searches.


  •     Log into your library account and search the catalogue. Click on the Save Search option to save a search.
  •     Return to your account.
  •     Click on the Saved Searches button to view your preferred search list. If no Saved Searches button displays, you have not yet saved any searches.
  •     To receive alerts when new material arrives, click on Mark for Email.
  •     To run the search on demand, use the link in the Search column.
  •     To remove searches from your list, use the boxes in the Mark to Remove column , and then click on "update list".

Legal resources

Gladue reports
Library of Congress Indigenous Law Portal

Federal government information




Other federal legislation

Native Law Centre of Canada. The website includes a link to Canadian Native Law Cases from 1763 - 1978 complied and indexed by researchers at the Native Law Centre at the University of Saskatchewan.

Land claims and treaties



Non-governmental organizations

Data and statistics

Community data


Statistics Canada

Census data from 1871 onwards and the National Household Survey, 2011 are available in <odesi>

Aboriginal Peoples' Surveys

2001 Aboriginal Peoples Survey

1991 Aboriginal Peoples Survey

Data from the Aboriginal Peoples Survey, 1991, 2001 and 2006 are available in <odesi>

Some provinces have highlighted their indigenous populations by drawing on the National Household Survey, 2011 and census data:

For more general statistics by province, consult our guide to Canadian government statistics.

 Use our Citing your sources page to link to our APA guide, instructional videos and more.

Content last updated: August 9, 2018