If you're not sure where to start your research this guide will point you to some of the best starting points. Don't forget, you can always get in touch directly with any questions you may have. NOTE: With the MacOdrum Library building closed due to COVID-19 and access to our print resources currently unavailable, this guide has been updated to show only online resources.

Subject specific dictionaries and encyclopedias are useful for helping you figure out the jargon of a discipline and can give quick overviews of a topic to get you started. You can often pick up keywords to use in your search strategies from these sources. 

Start with:

  • Omni : the one-search box on the Library's home page. Look for a specific title, or use keywords to find books and articles on a topic.
    Use the filters on the results page to refine your search results. For example you can limit to just books or just journal articles. 
    During the COVID-19 closure of the building, you can use the "available online" filter to exclude print items in the library ​

Also try: 

Our subject or discipline specific databases may allow you to find sources you can't find through Omni. They also often include other features (search, sort, result display, download...) that Omni does not have. All will let you find journal articles. Some will include books or book chapters.

  • Proquest databases: can search each individually or can combine and search across all at the same time
  • MLA International Bibliography Covers literature as well as languages and linguistics
  • MITCogNet:  particularly good for cognitive linguistics topics but covers other areas of linguistics. Includes full text of books, journals, reference works. Use their browse by Topic or search by keyword
  • Scopus Multidisciplinary for sciences and social sciences with times cited info and links to citing articles plus lots of ways to analyze your results
  • Web of Science Core Collection Multidisciplinary for all subject areas with tmes cited info and links to citing articles plus lots of ways to analyze your results
  • Scholars Portal Journals Completely full-text collection of the journals from a number of publishers including Elsevier, Wiley, OUP, CUP, Springer, Taylor & Francis, APA, MUSE, JSTOR... So, anything you find searching this database you WILL definitely get in full-text, but it may not cover all the important journals in any given subject area

The following is a brief selection of books (both e-book and print) that provide more introductory material for each topic. Search Omni for more.

Linguistics in general:


To find comprehensive grammars of a language in the Library:

- Do a Keyword search in Omni using the name of the language plus the phrase "reference grammar" or "comprehensive grammar"
  example: Turkish "comprehensive grammar"

- If these do not turn up anything, try a more general search in the form of "XXXXX Language" Grammar (where XXXXX is the name of the language)
  example: "Arabic langauge" grammar

- for purposes of assignments in Morphology, Syntax, etc. classes, if you are not sure if the grammar is appropriate, please check with your professor

Phonetics & Phonology

Morphology & Syntax


Cognitive Linguistics & Psycholinguistics

Maps & Atlases

Research Methods

Conference Proceedings

  • Berkeley Linguistics Society. Proceedings of the annual meeting 
  • CLA (Canadian Linguistics Association) Conference Proceedings:
  • CLS (Chicago Linguistic Society)
  • CLS (Chicago Linguistic Society)
    In Print:  1996--  3rd Floor, Call Number P21.A1C522 [older years P21.A1C52 & P21.A1C5 ]
    Online: 2008--
  • Proceedings of NELS (North Eastern Linguistic Society): 2006-- 3rd Floor, Call Number P21 .N65
  • Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America
  • West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
    2005-- via Cascadilla Proceedings Project
  • West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics
    In Print: 1990; 1994-2013  3rd FLoor, Call Number: P21 .W472 + the year
    Online: 2005-- via Cascadilla Proceedings Project
  • Cascadilla Proceedings Project: full text proceedings for a number of conferences including: Annual conference on African linguistics & Hispanic linguistics symposium

APA Style 

The School of Linguistics and Language Studies (SLALS) uses APA Style as their default style. If you're not sure what style to use, check with your professor or T.A.

The 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2020) is now available. There are some significant changes from APA 6th edition. Ask your professor which version they'd like you to use this semester.
  • Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA Formatting & Style Guide. They give examples of all kinds of references, both how to cite within your text as well as how to format the bibliography. Also includes a sample paper 
  • APA Style see their Quick Answers section or search their site. They are the publisher of the full Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, which we have in print, see availability
  • You can also just google: "how do I cite xxxx in apa", which often turns up the official answer and other reputable (look or other university web sites). Example: "how do I cite a video in APA"

General Writing Help:

Carleton's Writing Services:

Writing services at Carleton

Want some one-on-one help with your writing? Need some help with your draft? You may want to make an appointment with Writing Services, located on Floor 4 of the MacOdrum Library

For Graduate Students: 

For everyone:

Content last reviewed: January 29, 2021